Deconstruction as Aporetic Thinking Raffoul, François 2014-12-01 00:00:00 François Raffoul It may well be the case that deconstruction ought to be described as aporetic thinking. What is aporia? Derridean Deconstruction and Juridical Aporiae Philosophers often invoke the concept of aporia to refer to a problem or paradox that is insoluble, but which does not involve irrationality or unreasonableness on the part of any of the actors involved. In classical rhetoric, aporia means placing a claim in doubt by developing arguments on both sides of an issue. The adjective is aporetic.. In relation to Jaques Derrida, father of deconstruction, aporia is the technical term applied to logical or rhetorical perplexities, impassable difficulties, logical paradoxes, and puzzlements. The word “aporia” originally came from Greek which, in philosophy, meant a philosophical puzzle or state of being in puzzle, and a rhetorically useful expression of doubt. Instead, deconstruction will prove to lead politics back to its very ground, or nonground, to the very moment that the 'truth' of politics can be seen and judged. 10, No. Deconstruction often involves a way of reading that concerns itself with decentering—with unmasking the problematic nature of all centers. Aporia . After articulating the aporia of the political, deconstruction will be able to answer the usual charge lodged against it of not offering any normative criteria forjudging par ticular political situations. On Power and Aporia in the Academy: A Response in Three Parts This “idea of justice” seems to me to be irreducible in its affirmative character, in its demand of gift without exchange, without circulation, without recognition or gratitude, without economic circularity, without calculation and without rules, without reason and without rationality. What is aporia? It was originated by the philosopher Jacques Derrida (1930–2004), who defined the term variously throughout his career. Deconstruction by its very nature defies institutionalization in an authoritative definition. Jacques Derrida It is in the first instance a philosophical theory and a theory directed towards the (re)reading of philosophical writings. Deconstruction is often credited with uncovering the concealed aporetic nature of texts upon which it is practiced. This chapter offers an overview of Jacques Derrida’s contributions to philosophy and related disciplines. Deconstruction pays close attention to the remainder, tensions and the différance that the relation to the other presupposes.The aporia, according to Derrida, is the experience of responsibility that emerges from the impossible. Our most common axiom in ethical or political thought is that to be just or unjust and to exercise justice, one must be free and responsible for one’s actions and decisions. 4, pp. Get this from a library! 2. Deconstruction is an approach to understanding the relationship between text and meaning. (2006). French Deconstruction . Derrida; deconstruction; ethics; morality; politics; aporia 1 Introduction This paper seeks to convince the reader of two connected points. Indeed, deconstruction, as Derrida conceived and practiced it, has … Prologue. In order to get at Derrida’s encounter with philosophy one must begin from the primary vantage of what deconstruction actually means by way of his technical terms: aporia and difference. Following a brief biographical résumé, the chapter provides an overview of some of the central ideas running through Derrida’s philosophy of Deconstruction is a poststructuralist theory, based largely but not exclusively on the writings of Derrida. Jacques Derrida was a key philosopher of modern times who made pioneering explorations into the subtexts of our key concepts. These and a number of surrounding issues will be examined for this research paper. It is a Greek terminology denoting an impasse or a state of doubt, but it was resurrected by the late Jacques Derrida and left an impression on me since it came up at a time when Democratic candidate John Kerry was running against George Bush in 2004. has been erased by metaphysics. All Categories; Metaphysics and Epistemology In this video, I take an introductory look at the philosophy of Jacques Derrida and Deconstruction. Exploring ‘the Impossible’: Jacques Derrida, John Caputo and the Philosophy of History. Aporia usually refers to binary oppositions such as the Good/Evil debate. I first learned about “aporia” in my ‘Hermeneutics and Deconstruction’ class. What is aporia? The term is used to refer to the unresolvable difficulties that a text may open up, during reading. In a late text, for example, Derrida himself referred to `all the aporias or the "im-possibles" taken up by "deconstruction"' (FWT, 48). Derrida or Lacan : on the . Definition: 1 : an expression of real or pretended doubt or uncertainty especially for rhetorical effect 2 : a logical impasse or contradiction; especially : a radical contradiction in the import of a text or theory that is seen in deconstruction as inevitable (See the end of the work for more notes.) In contemporary theoretical parlance, the term has more been associated with deconstructive criticism,… Read More › Advertisements. Rethinking History: Vol. Syntax; Advanced Search; New. A serious perplexity or insoluble problem. Aporia Ø This is a dead-end to contradictory meanings for which we have no grounds to choose among. My hesitation was in how to formalize the third step, which I characterized as … understood in relation to deconstruction of literature, aporia demarcates a point where a text exhibits deconstruction characteristics: the text dismantles itself, deconstructs itself, or undermines its own rhetorical foundations. Aporia . A deconstructive reading of a poem, for instance, will conclude not with the discovery of its essential meaning, but with an impasse (‘aporia’) at which there are no grounds for choosing between two radically incompatible interpretations. In fact, what is at stake as far as deconstruction is concerned is the existence of meaning gaps or `aporia` in the text. Through Derrida, the political becomes an “impossibility of judgment,” a “neither/nor” spectrum of options and possibilities which the aporia of law offers, unless the mark of its undecidability (which, by the way, the work of deconstruction seeks to re-mark or retrieve; may we now re-read deconstruction as a nostalgic enterprise?) Here Derrida in effect is asking: what is freedom. Chapter 1: Prologue Chapter Text. Deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the 1960s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, that questions the fundamental conceptual distinctions, or “oppositions,” in Western philosophy through a close examination of the language and logic of philosophical and literary texts. 22–23). [(Aporias)] [Author: Jacques Derrida] published on (December, 1993): Jacques Derrida: Books - Amazon.ca Logics of deconstruction: undecidable, quasi-transcendental, aporia Is there a method of deconstruction so that you can identify a three step procedure of diagnose, overturn, re-inscribe? violence, justice, deconstruction, aporia, Derrida, Levinas, Benjamin, the Other, ontology, ethics 1 Levinas (who died on Christmas Day 1995) is an outstanding Jewish-French philosopher. Aporia Aporia is most frequently used term in the deconstruction theory to represent the difficulty in understanding the meaning of the words. deconstruction, aporia and justice in nagarjuna's empty ethics Nāgārjuna (c. 150-200 CE), the Andhra-born and Nālandā-trained giant of Mahāyāna Buddhist philosophy, is not often consulted for his ideas on ethics or liberating Buddhist practice, despite the fact that three works considered reliably attributable to … All new items; Books; Journal articles; Manuscripts; Topics. The first concerns the relationship between Jacques Derrida’s early work on ontology and the philosophy of language and his later work on ethics and politics. Aporia is a figure of speech in which the speaker expresses real or simulated doubt or perplexity. Further deconstruction is a form of textual practice … Deconstruction is a strategy of critical questioning directed towards exposing unquestionable metaphysical assumptions and internal contradictions in philosophical and literary language. 501-522. In its simplest form it can be regarded as a criticism of Platonism and the idea of true forms, or essences, which take precedence over appearances. COVID-19 Resources. back to top . Derrida calls the first aporia, “the epoche of the rule” (Deconstruction and the Possibility of Justice, pp. The first part of the chapter offers a brief account of alterity, aporia and the impossible in Derrida’s work. The Socratic method of raising problems without providing solutions is sometimes called the aporetic method. In Lacan’s thinking, the imaginary strife of demand corresponds in turn to Derrida’s concept of the aporia of the indeterminate, and his deconstruction of “the rhetoric of borders,” as a metonymic displacement of particulars that presupposes the metaphoric sundering that it nevertheless qualifies. From Deconstruction to Aporia Derrida’s Legacy Roundtable Discussion at Tulane University November 19, 2004 John Protevi Department of French Studies Louisiana State University protevi@lsu.edu I’d like to thank Felicia McCarren for this opportunity to pay my respects to Jacques Derrida, by trying to show you in some small way what a great thinker he was. Have no grounds to choose among defies institutionalization in an authoritative definition largely but not exclusively on the writings Derrida. 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