water from the paper by sucking it out of suspension. In this machine, a multipoint cutter is rotating against the workpiece and material removed from the workpiece accordingly.. 3. Objectives:- 1. - If handwritten, print your responses neatly. Lathe Machines are used in metalworking, woodturning, metal spinning, thermal spraying, glass working, and parts reclamation.. the paper at random until the particles are small enough to pass through a mesh. machine. To design a machine which will produce less noise and vibrations. Any CNC machine tool essentially consists of the following parts: Part program: • A series of coded instructions required to produce a part. A set of questions I put together for my Year 11 Foundation group. I designed them to be similar to Question 9 on AQA Practice Practice Set 4 Paper 3 for the new 9-1 GCSE. Lathes Lathes are the oldest machine tools Lathe Components Bed: supports all major components Carriage: slides along the ways and consists of the cross- slide, tool post, apron Headstock –Holds the jaws for the work piece, supplies power to the jaws and has various drive speeds Tailstock –supports the other end of the workpiece Feed Rod and Lead Screw –Feed rod is powered by a set of To formulate a study on different elements of the shredder machine like the blades, frame, transmission system, etc. This ensures paper machine runnability and product quality. To construct a machine which will shred 20 sheets It is significantly more expensive to remove this water than for any other section of the machine (Reese, 1988). Effective, trouble-free doctoring is essential for modern, automatic and computer controlled paper machine operation. The relative costs of dewatering are: forming section 10%; press This results in a high Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. The functions required of press felt for paper machines are mainly water removal, web conveyance, and paper surface finish. Multi-layer paper machines and paper board machines include additional forming sections (one forming section for each layer of paper). 19 2. Remember to use the following formatting: - If typed, use size 12 Times New Roman font and single spacing. Before entering the paper machine, water is added to the pulp slurry to make a thin mixture normally containing less than 1 percent fiber. Milling machine another most important machine tool after the Lathe machine tool and drilling machine.. – A machine operation in which a work part is fed past a rotating cylindrical tool with multiple edges. Doctoring is a relatively simple process but it is still important. The dilute slurry is then cleaned in cyclone cleaners and screened in centrifugal screens before being fed into the ‘‘wet end* of the paper-forming machine. The water removal performance of felts is closely related to steam consumption during the paper drying process and is a very important factor in determining energy consumption costs. Exercise 7.1 Label the parts of following cultivator and write their function. • Controls the movement of the machine tool and on/off control of auxiliary functions such as spindle rotation and coolant. The various other operations that you can perform with the help of Lathe Machine can include sanding, cutting, knurling, drilling, and deformation of tools that are employed in creating objects which have symmetry about the axis of rotation. • The coded instructions are composed of letters, numbers and symbols. Forming section drives have a high friction load due to the suction (normal forces) of the water through the wire mesh. Section 2: Laboratory Equipment and Functions!4 of !5 ! The dryer section of a paper machine removes between 1.1 and 1.3 kg of water per kg of paper compared to 200 kg and 2.6 kg in the forming and press sections respectively. - … It has three (3) basic functions in the paper machine: 1. 26.

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