Medical evidence exists to confirm uses as an alternative medicine for asthma, emphysema, bladder problems, bronchitis, fever, hypertension, rheumatism and blood sugar control. The best guides clearly explain identification, collection, and preparation techniques. Lamb’s Quarters contains iron, vitamin B12, B1, C, A and protein, phosphorous, calcium than even cabbage and spinach. Get yourself a good field guide like “Edible Wild Plants – A North American Field Guide”. They are whitish with a soft, dense mass of hairs on both sides, which make them feel very furry and thick. These are very common plants found routinely in Michigan and are not hazardous – other than being a little prickly. Add nettles and allow to stew for a few minutes. An infusion of the root encourages the steady elimination of toxins from the body. Poisonous look alikes: None. The stem passes directly through the round leaf and this makes identification easy. The stems and leaves are covered with little hooked bristles, which attach to passing objects, in this way it fastens itself to adjacent shrubs, to climb its way upwards through dense undergrowth into daylight, often forming matted masses. Nettles . The fresh juice of Dandelion is applied externally to fight bacteria and help heal wounds. For example, there’s Wild Lettuce, Hawkbit, and several Cat’s Ears species. The Best Bass Pro Black Friday Deals: Bargains on Fishing, Hunting, and Outdoor Gear. Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes. To 1 pint of boiling water add 3 heaping Tbsp of dried or fresh herb, steep 10 min. Tea – use 1 TBL per cup of boiling water. The decoction is also used externally to treat rheumatic pains, wounds and ulcers. Nettle shampoo is great for preventing baldness and dandruff. It will help you identify edible plants such as Common Mallow, Sweet Fennel, and Miner’s Lettuce, and also help you avoid dangerous look-alikes such as poisonous Castor Bean and Common Poison Hemlock. Miner’s lettuce is perfectly fine when in flower — unlike most spring greens — but pick before the flower stalk gets too long. Dandelion is found growing in pastures, lawns, waste ground, sand, rocks, even cracks in concrete. Sauteed and gently stewed, it makes a nice side dish for fish and poultry. All the plants listed here are found in Riverside County. Take l/2 ml or 15-20 drops of the tincture. It can be grown as a cut and come again crop[183]. The whole plant is used as an analgesic, cathartic, induces vomiting at higher doses, is an expectorant, induces perspiration, anti-asthmatic, antispasmodic, narcotic, and sedative. Gather edible leaves and flowers anytime, roots in spring. When chewed it tastes similar to tobacco and produces effects like those of nicotine. A decoction (STRONG tea) of the roots is used in the treatment of a wide range of complaints including diarrhea, dysentery, gastritis, peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, hemorrhage, hemorrhoids, cystitis, bronchitis, inflammation of mucous membranes, sinusitis, coughs, asthma and hay fever. The second one is pretty young, but I've seen them full size and still look the same. The flower-spike (second season) has been known to attain a height of 7 or 8 feet, covered with densely crowded, sulphur-yellow, flowers about an inch across with five rounded petals. Then my husband nearly had a heart attack – I expected him to eat weeds???! On one of those rare but incredibly hot days, Don came over and watered out tomato and pepper plants in the green house. And, regardless of the sting, you are going to want to pick some of these (with the aforementioned safeguards) because nettles are both nutritious and medicinal. ( Log Out /  There is another species that is edible too and tastes just as good called Siberian Miners Lettuce (Claytonia sibirica) and both look the same as the second picture when they are just coming out of the ground. Like spinach, Lamb’s Quarters (and especially the seeds) contains oxalic acid, which can prevent the absorption of iron and calcium, but the oxalic acid breaks down when cooked. In addition, yarrow’s sterile and anti-inflammatory qualities help in healing infections and swollen organs like in the case of gastritis and enteritis. Once dry, the hairs will no longer sting you, and nettles make both a delicious tea as well as being a very tasty pot herb. Believe it or not, this common garden weed is actually tastier than spinach is far more nutritious, and grows for free all over my yard. To 1 Tbsp dried herb, 2 if fresh, add 1 cup boiling water steep for 10 min. It is delicious just crunched on raw or made into a salad. More Survival. The root is a long taproot with a fibrous outer cover and fleshy inside. As a result, the pea family could be considered a toxic look-alike for itself. All parts are edible. Lobelia siphilitica and Lobelia inflata have basically the same uses. Pigweed is a form of Amaranth, which is one of the seeds that contains complete proteins, and all parts of the plant are edible. Lamb’s Quarters are great raw in salads, or steamed/lightly cooked the same as spinach or chard. Properties Spurges are not succulents, leaves are thinner. Hunger can start to make anything look like food. Miner’s Lettuce Leaves can be eaten raw or boiled. Hunting. Believe it or not, this ‘weed’ you pull from your garden is sold in stores in Europe, and was Ghandi’s favorite food. Dandelion is a powerful diuretic but does not deplete the body of potassium. Miner’s lettuce is perfectly fine when in flower — unlike most spring greens — but pick before the flower stalk gets too long. The flowers are white, tiny, 1/16 to 1/8 inch in diameter and star-like. Lobelia was a highly prized medicinal plant and used extensively by Native Americans. Chickweed is medicinal and edible, they are very nutritious, high in vitamins and minerals. Take in ½ cup doses 2 to 4 times daily, during a cold or flu. Mullein is an easily-grown plant, it succeeds in most well-drained soils, including dry ones, and prefers a sunny position. I picked and crunched on this stuff by the handfuls. Take care when gathering Miner's lettuce because it often grows near poison oak . Do not harvest from roadsides, industrial areas, as plants growing in these areas could have high amounts of nitrates. The root is said to be used as an anti-venom for rattlesnakes bites. Leaves are narrow, lance-shaped and are rough along the margins and surface, the prickles pointing backwards. Mullein has been used as an alternative medicine for centuries, and the value of Mullein as a proven medicinal herb is now backed by scientific evidence. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. There are some Dandelion look alikes to look out for when you’re foraging for Dandelion. False garlic got the name crow poison … Are OathKeepers Really “Domestic Terrorists”?? It is a safe and effective treatment for bleeding, it quickly stops blood flow and encourages the repair of damaged tissue. These plants have little hollow hairs that break off when touched and contain several compounds that cause painful stinging. Place in blender or crush, fill jar, cover with olive oil, set in warm place for 2 weeks. Blooming during July and August. Harvest the entire plant when in bloom and dry for later herb use. A decoction (strong tea) of the whole plant is taken internally post-partum as it promotes menstrual discharge, promotes secretion of milk and is a circulatory tonic. Properties. It reminded me of a few I have encountered and the edible look alikes . Miner’s Lettuce is a small succulent plant with an interesting part in American history. Redroot Pigweed Miner’s Lettuce. Tea: An aromatic tea can be made by boiling 1 tbs. Poisonous look alikes: None – BUT pigweed is a nitrate concentrator, so plants from nitrate-fertilized areas should only be eaten in moderation. There are no poisonous look alikes to common mallow. Gather the above ground plant, being careful not to gather whatever it touches. Lamb’s Quarters It can be added to salads or cooked as a pot herb, tasting somewhat like spinach. You guys say that they grow in. ... Look for places where the species you are interested in gathering is plentiful., Laws that need Nullification in Baker County, Oath Keepers Community Preparedness Teams. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. All parts of water hemlock are highly poisonous but wild carrot and water parsnip have parts that are considered edible. It has also been used in soup and curry and eaten with rice. Overview Information Wild lettuce is a plant. I would check with a local person to find out if there are any dangerous local look-alikes to be concerned about. Decant plant material and compost. The best leaves grow under trees. Gather fresh edible plants as soon as flowers appear, it can be used fresh or be dried for later herb use. Water Hemlock and Purple Anjelica both grow in the bogs up north in the lake country side by side. More Survival. Most notable victim . Yarrow also helps to get relief from a bladder infection marked by pain as well as frequent, painful urination, irritable bladder, bladder stones and irritation. If you look at this spurge image, the leaves are almost paper-thin. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Purslane is known for its higher levels of Omega-3 fatty acids which are prevalent in all green leafy vegetables to certain degrees. Mullein is found growing on by roadsides and on waste ground, sunny positions in uncultivated fields and especially on dry soils. ( Log Out /  Many plants have poisonous look alikes. I said in my book “God’s Gladiators” that lettuce is poisonous, it destroys your immune system and makes you allergic to almost everything. Also look for plants that have abundant fruit, nuts or berries. Poisonous Look Alikes. dried leaves or root, in 1 cup water for 5 – 10 min. Young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked like spinach, sautéed, etc. Poisonous look alikes: None. Nettles can also be boiled and the resulting liquid used for a coagulant for making cheese. The leaves and the seed are medicinal used as an antibacterial, antidote, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, cough suppressant, cardiac, soothes and protects mucous tissues, diuretic, expectorant, stops bleeding, laxative, poultice, brings down fever, and killing or expelling worms. It is used both internally and externally in the treatment of a wide range of ailments. Nettle tea taken regularly helps reduce allergies and the symptoms of allergies and can even help with asthma. Stuart Wilde. Snakeroot . Lactuca floridana: Woodland Lettuce, triangular leaf stem (V-shaped) pure white sap, usually a line of hair on the bottom of the mid-rib of older (lower) leaves.Stems, to seven feet tall, purple on lower portions, smooth, single from base, branching inflorescence. An infusion is taken internally in the treatment of a wide range of chest complaints and also to treat diarrhea and bleeding of the lungs and bowels. Some plants are edible only when properly prepared. Edit: Sorry, this should have been posted in the Flora & Fauna section of the forum. Dandelions of course, but also their cousins, prickly lettuce, cat’s ear and wild chicories. If you don't know anybody who you can have a casual conversation with, I suppose you could call poison control (the number automatically forwards to a local university extension service) and describe the plant. You must log in or register to reply here. Dandelions only grow about 6 to 10 inches tall, have yellow flowers and are used in salads, not for pain control. The leaves, root, and the flowers are anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, demulcent, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, nervine, and vulnerary. It is found worldwide and grows almost in all places. They also grow out of a central point. The astringent feature of yarrow makes it useful medication in stopping diarrhea. Research indicates some of the uses as analgesic, antihistaminic, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, antioxidant, antiviral, bacteristat, cardio-depressant, estrogenic, fungicide, hypnotic, sedative. I suppose you could cook miner’s lettuce, but I cannot imagine why you would. If cut, wild lettuce exudes lactucarium, a white, milky substance, which can provide pain relieving effects similar to opium, without less side effects. The seed is very small but easy to harvest and very nutritious. The seeds of wild lettuce are flat and oval shaped with a beak-looking tip which has a white tuff at the end. Around here(sonoma county, ca) they grow from late winter into mid spring but then they get overgrown and crushed by all of the late spring weeds like thistle and poison hemlock pretty quick. Chickweed is abundant and easy to find in the early spring. Dry for later medicinal herb use. Yarrow Spurges are not succulents, leaves are thinner. Mullein Mullein is found all over in North America it is exceedingly abundant. For nursing women, it promotes lactation. Tincture: Use roots and leaves. It can be green or purplish green. Most of these ‘weeds’ grow all over the US and I have personally seen them growing locally here in NE Oregon, except Lobelia (I keep hoping to find it) but, since I use it for asthma, it will be growing in my yard this next spring. Dandelion is one of the most nutritious plants you can find, having more vitamins and minerals than most vegetables. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. It is also used to relieve constipation. Yarrow makes it a versatile remedy which when applied externally is useful in curing cuts and wounds, burns and ulcers as well as swollen and irritating (inflammatory) skin. Anticlea elegans -one of many poisonous look-alikes. Gather plantain after flower spike forms, dry for later herb use. An infusion of the herb has shown of benefit in the treatment of glandular fever, tonsilitis, hepatitis and cystitis. From a thick, long, tap root, dark brown outside, white and milky white inside, grow long jaggedly toothed leaves, shiny, dark to light green and growing in the shape of a rosette close to the ground. A poultice of the root has been applied in treating pleurisy, rheumatism, tennis elbow, whiplash injuries, boils, ulcers and hard to heal sores. This is Claytonia perfoliata. This will be a important food and medicine source in the future. It is so high in vitamins that it will cure scurvy. Miner's lettuce, a native winter annual broadleaf plant, is part of a complex of species and subspecies with slightly varying characteristics. Or for children and the elderly use milk instead of water. Cleavers is edible and medicinal, it has been used for centuries as an alternative medicine by indigenous peoples on many continents. It is edible raw though said to be unpalatable, mainly used as a pot-herb or as an addition to soups. Poisonous look alikes: None. It has a mild laxative effect and stimulates the lymphatic system and has shown benefit in skin related problems. My wife and i are looking at the difference between wild onion and it's poisonous look alike, "Crow poison". I usually give it a whirl in my salad spinner, drain the water, and use it throughout the week, or even as long as 12 days (not that I generally don't eat it much before then). Wild milkweed grows up to 7 feet tall, has oval shaped leaves and is very poisonous. Chickweed It is commonly used to treat respiratory problems since it has healing properties that may help the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract by coating the inflamed tissue with a protective layer. Change ). Miners lettuce is closely related to the wild purslane plant. Dandelion is also used for the treatment of the gall bladder, kidney and urinary disorders, gallstones, jaundice, cirrhosis, hypoglycemia, dyspepsia with constipation, edema associated with high blood pressure and heart weakness, chronic joint and skin complaints, gout, eczema and acne. Nettles is listed as one of the 30 best herbs by the herbalists of the California School of Herbal Studies. It will relieve any kind of roseola and is effective wherever there are fragile superficial veins or itching skin conditions. When consumed hot, yarrow is a superb medication that helps in getting relief from fevers and contagions like coughs, colds and sore throats. Poisonous look alikes: Poisonous plants with small white flowers that may be confused with yarrow include mayweed chamomile (Anthemis cotula), western water hemlock (Cicuta douglasii, poison hemlock) and spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata, spotted parsley, spotted cowbane). The seeds contain a much higher percentage of lobeline than the rest of the plant. The spurges also grow low along the ground, generally under 3", and they too can grow higher. The seeds are considered toxic. Wikipedia is a great plant source. This guide focuses on wild edible plants that that are relatively easy to identify and have no deadly poisonous look-alikes. Pigweed has a mild flavor and is often mixed with stronger flavored leaves such as dandelion or lambs quarters. Poisonous look alikes: Comfrey and foxglove. The second false dandelion is better known and more wide-spread. Add chives, onion, garlic, chervil or fennel if desired. Being used as a panacea (medicinal for everything) in some cultures, one American Indian name for the plant translates to “life medicine”, and recent research indicates that this may not be far from true! If you look at this spurge image, the leaves are almost paper-thin. The whole plant possess slightly sedative and narcotic properties. … For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Here’s an article below that might explain why it’s so toxic. Once picked, miner’s lettuce leaves will last in a plastic bag in the fridge for 3 to 5 days without too much loss of quality. Yarrow is also helpful in relieving cramps arising out of tensions, gas, colic or imperfect or painful digestion. The oil being used to treat gum and mouth ulcers is very effective. These deadly lookalikes do not have the pungent onion or garlic smell that make the edibles so recognizable. The second false dandelion is better known and more wide-spread. Strain before use. I nearly had a heart attack when I came home and all my lovely lambs quarters were pulled and laying in a pile. Good story, I have been useing the wild plants from my garden and beyond for many years now. Good field guides are invaluable. The infusion is also used to treat liver, bladder and urinary problems, stimulates the uterus and affected blood vessels. If you are searching for a ground cover to incorporate in the landscape, look no farther than Claytonia miners lettuce. Some plants have both edible and poisonous parts. The Hypochoeris radicata (hye-poe-KÊ-ris rad-i-KAY-ta) is also called by several other names usually involving “cat’s ear” such as “Smooth Cat’s Ear” or “Spotted Cat’s Ear.” See pictures at right. The seeds are used in the treatment of parasitic worms. Popeye might have been indestructible if he’d have had cans of Lamb’s Quarters instead of spinach. Oath Keepers of Baker County Oregon on the Constitution, Self-Reliance, and Health, Safety, and Welfare. Miner’s Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata) was, without a doubt, my favorite as a child. The leaves (first season) at the base of the stem form a rosette of numerous, large, 6 to 15 inches long and up to 5 inches broad, but become smaller as they ascend the stem, on which they are arranged on alternate sides. A very nutritious wild edible . There are several varieties of plantain, Plantago major (shown) and Plantain Lanceolata (narrow leaf). Hunger can start to make anything look like food. The dried leaves are highly flammable and can be used to ignite a fire quickly, or as wick for candles. Soup: Bring a pot of water to boil. This fleshy annual plant belongs to Western Mountain and coastal regions of North America from southernmost Alaska and central British Columbia south to Central America, but most common in California in the Sacramento and northern San Joaquin valleys. This is Claytonia perfoliata. Your pictures are great making it easier to identify in my yard as eating poisonous plants has stopped me from trying out all these wonderful beneficial greens. Infusion: Pour 1 cup of boiling water into l/4 to l/2 teaspoonful of the dried herb and let steep for l0 to l5 min. Nettles (urtica dioica) is better known as stinging nettles, for good reason. Wild lettuce, milkweed and dandelions are totally different plants. There is another species that is edible too and tastes just as good called Siberian Miners Lettuce (Claytonia sibirica) and both look the same as the second picture when they are just coming out of the ground. Hunting. Nothing spoils a great day of wildcrafting like picking the wrong plant and ending up dead. Please note that I am not condoning the eating of random pea pods … It sprouts round yellow flowers that look like dandelions. Always seems like the poison ones and the look alikes grow in the same vicinity. An infusion has been used to treat hoarseness. silver orache. A piece of the plant held against a wound will staunch bleeding. While my husband and I lived in La Pine, OR, we had a wonderful neighbor who took care of our home while we were away. Plantain is a perennial herb, thought to be of Eurasian origin and now naturalized throughout the world. Some edible plants have deadly poisonous look-alikes. The leaves, sap (latex), and seed are used to make medicine. It is found throughout California (except for the lower desert areas) to about 6600 feet (2000 m). The stuff is sticky and milky, and very easy to identify. Without a doubt, this was my favorite as a child, I picked and crunched on this stuff by the handfuls. Miner's lettuce is occasionally cultivated as a salad plant[1, 46]. The spurges also grow low along the ground, generally under 3", and they too can grow higher. The heated leaves are used as a wet dressing for wounds, skin inflammations, malignant ulcers, cuts, stings and swellings and said to promote healing without scars. I forgot about Fox Glove. Foxglove has been used for centuries for heart ailments, but in very small quantites and under the care of someone who knows what the heck they are doing – foxglove is potent, ingesting .5 grams dried or 2 grams fresh could be deadly. Cleavers seed is one of the best coffee substitutes, it merely needs to be dried and lightly roasted and has much the same flavor as coffee. In fact, 100 grams of leaves contain about 350 mg of a-linolenic acid. Yarrow is a perennial herb. Note: Comfrey is not really poisonous, but in larger internal doses can cause liver problems. Gear. Some say the crushed leaves smell like turpentine. Only 100 grams (about the size of a decent salad), contains 1/3 of the daily requirement of Vitamin C, 22% of Vitamin A and 10% of iron. Cleavers has a long history of use as an alternative medicine and is still used widely by modern herbalists. Crow poison dose not smell like onion. In addition, the herb is useful in soothing painful joints and also clears the skin. The best leaves grow under trees. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. Mullein oil is a very medicinal and valuable destroyer of disease germs. While he was waiting, he decided to pull all those pesky weeds that were growing so healthily. It is a great spring tonic. ... and at least as well as cultivated lettuce. ( Log Out /  It has a very mild flavor, and is excellent dried and powdered and used to thicken soups, add to smoothies and even for sore throats and make cough syrup, as it has many of the same medicinal uses as marshmallow. Yarrow is also an efficient diuretic (an agent that promotes urine production and flow) and helps in letting out excessive fluids and toxins through enhanced urination. Yes the are miners lettuce, but, what the heck are they doing around this time of year???? The herb has a long history of use as an alternative medicine dating back to ancient times. The whole plant is edible, but the seeds should be eaten sparingly unless they are cooked. Latest. of the dried herb or root in 1 quart of water, boiled for 30 min. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Harvest fresh young edible leaves in spring. Medicinally, a tea made from the leaves is astringent. Therefore, picking nettles should be done while wearing long sleeves and rubber gloves. ( Log Out /  Dislikes shade and wet soils. Tincture: Lobelia tincture is made with apple cider vinegar instead of alcohol. Mullein is found all over in North America it is exceedingly abundant. A few varieties, however are deadly. Caution is advised as an overdose of lobelia may cause dizziness, nausea, hypotension, vomiting, stupor, tremors, paralysis, convulsions, coma, and death. Corn salad, and miner's lettuce, also look similar, and are edible. Alcohol does not extract the medicinal qualities of lobelia. For chest complaints, smoke the leaves – 1st year leaves are the best. The flavor is greatly improved by roasting the seed before grinding it.

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